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In the past weeks, we talked about tweeklanken. Today is our last instalment with one of the least common combinations: those with an o. Let’s start!
The past posts in this series:
Oe is actually super common. It also has a little specialty: It sounds different than any other vowel combination. Normally, we just glide letters together, and we have the right sound. But here, that is a bit different. Oe is a combination of o and e. Glide that, and it sounds more like a long oo. But it is shorter! Compare it to the German Ufer – in Dutch oever (which means riverside). The German u sounds pretty much the same as the Dutch oe! Comparing it to the English oo, like “cool” and the Dutch equivalent stoer, you can hear how they are similar. The English oo is just a bit longer! Let’s go to the next one, which is not as common.
This one is composed of oe and i. Glide: oei! Examples where you will find it are groei (growth), boei (buoy). Interestingly, boei is very similar to the English word! There are also verbs that have a stam (root) that ends with oei, for example roeien (to row) – roei is the stam. Make sure to get that long list of vowels in roeien right!
Oi! Hoi! (Hi!) You can say hi with this one. And that is about it. Oi is super rare! But it is quite an easy one: it is a combination of o and i, glide: oi! It sounds just like the English oi, as for example in oil. You will find it mostly in foreign words in Dutch, for example toilet or voiceover. Even if it is so rare, it is not bad to know! On to the last one!
Ooi is more common than oi, just like ai and aai. It is a combination of oo and i. Glide that: ooi. It is for example in ooievaar (stork), gooien (to throw) or mooi (beautiful).