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French Vocabulary – Word Building Posted by on Apr 19, 2009 in Grammar, Vocabulary

Building funny French phrases is a way to learn more vocabulary and even improve your grammar.  The challenge lies in finding a root word and then expressing the same word as a noun, adverb, verb and adjective all in the same sentence.  Here are some examples:

La commode commode a été accommodée commodément.
Le commentateur a commenté comment ce commentaire aussi commenté?
Les enthousiastes enthousiasment avec enthousiasme l’enthousiasme enthousiasmant.
La traîtresse traître trahit traîtreusement.

Mais, attention!  Just as in English, the sentences you make this way would probably not be expressed in French like this, although technically/grammatically it is possible (that’s what makes them funny).  Moreover, all four parts of speech can not necessarily be found with all root words.  Here is a table with some nouns and their corresponding adverbs, verbs and adjectives.

NOUN

VERB

ADJECTIVE

ADVERB

un commentaire / un commentateur

commenter

commenté(e)

comment

une commode / la commodité

accommoder

commode

commodément

l’enthousiasme / un enthousiaste

enthousiasmer

enthousiasmant / enthousiaste

avec enthousiasme

une généralité / une généralisation

généraliser

général(e)

généralement

une manifestation / un manifestant(e)

manifester

manifeste

manifestement

la ponctualité

 ——-

ponctuel(le)

ponctuellement

une rationalisation / le rationalisme / la rationalité

rationaliser

rationnel(le) / rationaliste

rationnellement

un scandale

scandaliser

scandaleux(euse)

——–

un(e) traître / une traîtresse / une trahison

trahir

traître

traîtreusement

Now, why don’t you try coming up with your own funny French sentence in this way and share it with us in a comment!  This will help us all learn more vocabulary.

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Comments:

  1. kate hindell:

    Hi, are there any publications (online or other) which have a good grid of French words with common roots?
    Thanks