German Language Blog

Translation and vocabulary list: Germany and world religions Posted by on Feb 17, 2011 in Culture, Language, Traditions

In my previous post I published a German text on world religions. Below you can find a sentence-by-sentence translation of the text. In the vocabulary list I color-coded the words in accordance to their grammatical gender in German.

Green = neuter

Blue = masculine

Red = feminine

Das Christentum, das Judentum, der Hinduismus, der Buddhismus und der Islam gehören zu den Weltreligionen.

Christianity, Judaism, Hinduism, Buddhism, and Islam rank among the world religions.

Jede dieser Religionen hat ihr eigenes Gotteshaus.

Each of these religions has its own house of worship.

Christen gehen in die Kirche.

Christians go to church.

Muslime beten in der Moschee.

Muslims pray in a mosque.

Hindus besuchen den Tempel.

Hindus visit a temple.

Juden treffen sich in der Synagoge.

Jews meet in a synagogue.

Buddhisten gehen in den Tempel oder in die Pagode.

Buddhists either go to a temple or a pagoda.

Die Zehn Gebote sind das Glaubensbekenntnis des Christentums und des Judentums.

The Ten Commandments are the statement of faith of Christianity and Judaism.

Die Fünf Säulen des Islams sind die grundlegenden Praktiken des Islams.

The Five Pillars of Islam are the basic ideas of Islam.

Die Vier Edlen Wahrheiten und der Edle achtfache Pfad sind das Glaubensbekenntnis des Buddhismus.

The Four Noble Truths and the Noble Eightfold Path are the statement of faith of Buddhism.

Der Hinduismus hat kein allgemeingültiges Glaubensbekenntnis.

Hinduism does not have a universal statement of faith.

Jede dieser Religionen hat ebenso ihre eigenen Geistlichen.

Each of these religions has its own clergymen as well.

Der Pfarrer hält Predigten für Christen.

The parson gives sermons for Christians.

Der Rabbi lehrt die religiöse Lehre des Judentums.

The rabbi teaches the religious doctrine of Judaism.

Der Muezzin ruft alle Muslime zum Gebet.

The muezzin calls all Muslims to prayer.

Der Dalai Lama ist der politische und religiöse Führer der tibetischen Buddhisten.

The Dalai Lama is the political and religious leader of Tibetan Buddhists.

Der Brahmane lehrt den Hindus den Veda.

The Brahim teaches the Veda to Hindus.

Vocabulary list:

das Christentum – Christianity

das Judentum – Judaism

der Hinduismus – Hinduism

der Buddhismus – Buddhism

der Islam – Islam

die Religion – religion

das Gotteshaus – house of worship

die Kirche – church

die Moschee – mosque

der Tempel – temple

die Synagoge – synagogue

die Pagode – pagoda

die Zehn Gebote – the Ten Commandments

das Glaubensbekenntniss – statement of faith

die Fünf Säulen des Islams – the Five Pillars of Islam

die Vier Edlen Wahrheiten – the Four Noble Truths

der Edle achtfache Pfad – the Noble Eightfold Path

der Geistliche – clergyman

der Pfarrer – parson

die Predigt – sermon

der Rabbi – rabbi

der Muezzin – muezzin

das Gebet – prayer

der Brahmane – Brahim

der Veda – veda

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About the Author: Sandra Rösner

Hello everybody! I studied English and American Studies, Communication Science, and Political Science at the University of Greifswald. Since I have been learning English as a second language myself for almost 20 years now I know how difficult it is to learn a language other than your native one. Thus, I am always willing to keep my explanations about German grammar comprehensible and short. Further, I am inclined to encourage you to speak German in every situation. Regards, Sandra