German Language Blog

Vegetables and fruits – Gemüse und Früchte Posted by on Apr 16, 2011 in Culture, Food, Language

Hi everybody! Today I want to play a little with vitamines. Not only Vegetarier (vegetarians)  might be interested in vocabulary about fruits and vegetables. No matter if you go to a restaurant or have to buy some things to prepare a meal at home, it would be useful to know some of the following words.

fruits and vegetables in german

The üblichsten (most common) fruits in Germany are:

der Apfel – apple
die Birne – pear
die Kirsche – cherry
die Banane – banana
die Ananas – pineapple
die Orange – orange
die Melone – melon
die Traube – grape

Bananas, pineapples, oranges and melons are mostly imported becauso of the climate. They won´t grow well in Germany whereas apples, pears and cherries are cultivated in a great amount here.

But there are also more exotic fruits like:

die Kiwi – kiwi
die Mango – mango
die Litschi – lichee
die Maracuja – passion fruit
die Feige – fig
die Grapefruit – grapefruit

Nüsse (nuts) are fruits as well in some way:

die Erdnuss – peanut
die Walnuss – walnut
die Kokosnuss – coconut
die Cashew-Kerne – cashew nut

When I thing of vegetables, there are numerous. But let´s start with the most used:

die Kartoffel – potato
die Karotte – carrot
die Tomate – tomato
die Gurke – cucumber
der Kürbis – pumpkin
das Radieschen – radish
die Erbse – pea
die Linse – lentil
der Brokkoli – brokkoli
der Blumenkohl – cauliflower
die Bohne – bean
der Lauch – leek

Spring and summer are coming back these days. So the first barbecues have already been celebrated. The following vegetables are perfect to barbecue:

die Paprika – sweet pepper
die Zucchini – green squash
die Aubergine –  eggplant

To make meals more tasty, we use the following vegetables:

die Zwiebel – onion
der Knoblauch – garlic
die Petersilie – parsley
die Chilli – chilli
der Meerrettich – horseradish
der Sellerie – celery

There are also various sorts of Salat (salad) and Pilze (mushrooms), but the names are quite special. So I guess you will succeed with these main words Salat and Pilze.

Well for now you have to excuse me, because while writing this article, I really got hungry 😉 But please let me know some other fruits and vegetables that should have been mentioned here! Are there differences in the main fruits and vegetables? Do you have some special delicacies in your countries?

Other vocabulary used inthis post:

das Gemüse – vegetable
die Frucht – fruit
der Vegetarier – vegetarian
üblich – common
anbauen – cultivate
der Salat – salad
der Pilz – mushroom

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About the Author: jan

My name is Jan and I live in the south west of Germany. My profession is being a project manager at a company that creates digital media (first of all internet related things). This is my job since over a decade so I´m quite familiar with the web and its tools. Whereat today almost every school kid does. But that´s one of the main reasons why nowadays there are quasi no more limits in the internet and so it can be used for all imaginable types of things. For example learning languages! And that´s where we are at the moment. I first got in touch with Transparent Language when my family and I used to live in France a couple of years ago. I just had a break from work and by coincidence I produced some cultural videos in French. A few months later the whole blogging thing came up and I was lucky to be a part of it. So now my (second) job is to feed you with information, exercises, vocabulary, grammar and stories about Germany and German language. For being a passionate videographer I´m trying to do this more and more by videos. If you have any wishes or needs of topics that should be treated here, please don´t hesitate to contact me via a comment field. I´m open to your suggestions (as long as they are not too individual) and will try to satisfy your needs.


  1. Meghana:

    Hi Jan

    Just wanted to say thank you for the concise manner in which you presented the information of Fruits and vegetables. I am relearning German (after a 4 year break) and it has been rather helpful.

    I do not know if you have covered this topic before but an articles on Taboo and cross culture manners/habits would very useful in understanding a bit more about Germany.

    Thank you again and look forward to reading more of your work.

    Kind Regards

  2. Manan:

    Thank you Jan, that helps a lot!

  3. Bob Scott:

    A very interesting article, but I could not find cabbage mentioned. Is it not grown in Germany or is it always referred to as something else such as sauerkraut?

    Let me know please because I am writing a novel about a German farm and need to know which fruits, berries and vegetables were grown in the 1930s.

    Best wishes,

    Bob Scott,
    Professor of Rhetoric,
    University of Calgary (ret.)

  4. bob:

    Thanks! I like potatoes

  5. Dipa:

    Gut danke.Gute Nacht. jan.

  6. Dipa:


  7. Josef Braun:

    I enjoy your website and find the vocabulary very helpful in learning the language. What would be helpful is to have an audio component added so we can hear the correct pronunciation of each vocabulary word.

    Thank you

  8. Nikhil:

    Yess. It helped me a lot

  9. Anjula Nath:

    Thanks it helped a lot in studying German vegetables and it also helps my child to study German vegetables

  10. Onyedikachi Kalu:

    Just wanna say thank you, is really helping me to know my boss favourite fruit….lol

  11. Tanu:

    hi jan,

    thanks a lot for this page this has helped me alot as my son of 9yrs is learning German in school.

    thank you once again,

    Tanu Ghai.

  12. shreyansh:

    Great work Jan

  13. Shireen:

    Einige sätze über das Gemüse, bitte.

  14. Reba:

    Hi Jan. I wanted to make you aware, I am grateful to have found your publication here, on the German translation of native fruits and vegetables! I am trying to get back to my roots, having many generations in my family of German descent, and now after eating processed and unreliable unhealthy fodds here in the US, I am delving deeper, to find what’s best to to alter and consume in my diet for healthier living for the generations to come. Thank yu so much!

  15. williams ojo:

    thank you very much Jan, I just wish i can learn very fast from here because it not quite long arrived in Germany.

  16. Samriti:

    Ich möchte vielen Dank Herr für diese Informationen zu geben,wie ich sie für meine Deutschprüfung erforderlich.
    Es tut mir leid,wenn einige grammatikalischer Fehler vorliegt.
    Viele Grüße,

  17. Patsy:

    I think salt, pepper, and cinnamon would be useful, under the flavouring sub-title.

  18. Rashmi:

    Hi Jan
    Thanks for the details. It really helped me in my home work. Thanks a lot.