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Archive for April, 2010

The Ablative Continued Posted by on Apr 28, 2010

For today’s lesson, we’ll learn how to say “with” or “without”. Both will be in the ablative. Ad īnsulam nāvigat cum scaphā = He is sailing to the island with a boat “Cum” means “with” and the word it modifies will be in the ablative. Ad casam sine aquā ambulant = They are walking to the house without…

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The Ablative Case : From Posted by on Apr 25, 2010

ā or ab can mean “from”. Can you tell when to use which from the two examples below? (1) Fēmina ā casā ad castrum aquam portat = The woman is carrying water from the house to the castle. (2) Puella ab īnsulā ad actam natat = The girl is swimming from the island to the seashore. In…

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The Founding of Rome Posted by on Apr 22, 2010

Supposedly the traditional date for the founding of Rome was April 21st, 753 B.C. The tale begins with two twin brothers named Romulus and Remus. Depending on the version of the story, Hercules or Aries impregnates a Vestal Virgin. When the uncle of the Vestal Virgin finds out, he orders them to be killed. The…

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To, Toward Posted by on Apr 19, 2010

The prepostition “ad” can mean “to” or “toward”. When using “ad”, the word it refers to will be in the accusative form. Ad silvam ambulō.  (silva = forest) The answer to the Latin phrase above is, “I am walking to the forest”. Silva ends in -am because it’s in the accusative form. Try translating these sentences…

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Direct Object of the Second Declension Posted by on Apr 16, 2010

The direct object of the second declension will have a different ending from the direct object of the first declension. That’s why Latin can be so challenging. The singular accusative (direct object) of the second declension will have a -um ending Cervus campum dēlet. (dēlēre = to destroy. campus = camp, field) Since “campum” ends…

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