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Non-personal verbal forms Posted by on Jun 15, 2012 in Latin Language

The verb forms which do not have personal ending are known as non-personal verbs or noun-verbs. These verb forms simultaneously have nouns’ characteristics (they are nouns or adjectives) and verbs’ characteristics (tense, voice…).

In Latin we have three verbal nouns (infinitive, gerund and supine) and two verbal adjectives (participle and gerundive). Morphology is as follows:

Infinitive:

 

Present Past Future
Active amā-re amāv-isse amāt-ārus,
-a,
-um (esse)
Passive amā-rī amātus,
-a,
-um (esse)
amātum
īrī
  • The present passive infinitive of third conjugation has   morpheme (i.e. dīcī from the verb dīcō).
  • The future passive infinitive -um īrī is hardly used and it is replaced in most cases infinitive of the passive periphrastic conjugation (gerundive + esse). I.e. Amandus,-a,-um (esse).

 

Participle:

Present Past Future
Active amāns-
ntis
amāt-ūrus,
-a,
-um
Passive amātus,
-a,
-um

 

Gerund:

Accusative Genitive Dative-ablative
(ad)
ama-nd-um
ama-nd-ī ama-nd-ō 

 

Gerundive:

ama-nd-us,
-a,
-um

 

Supine:

Accusative Dative-ablative
amāt-um amat-ū
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