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Verbal morphology I Posted by on Jun 2, 2012 in Latin Language

General characteristics of the Latin conjugation

Latin conjugation is distributed in two voices: active and passive.

How to set out and how to determine the conjugations:

The statement of a verb consists, in that order, of the following forms:

  • First person singular indicative present.
  • Second person singular indicative present.
  • Present infinitive.
  • First person singular indicative perfect (praeteritum perfectum).
  • Supine

To determine the conjugation of a verb it is enough to look to the characteristics of its statement match those highlighted in bold in the following models:

 

Here we will show you a system of analysis of verb forms which will let you recognize any word found in a text without having to memorize from the beginning all the features, exceptions, phonetic changes, etc.., which may occur in verb conjugation.

 

CONJUGATIONS PRESENT PERFECT SUPINE
1st amo, -as, –are, -avi, -atum am(a)- amav- amat-
2nd deleo, -es, -ere, -evi, -etum dele- delev- delet-
3rd rego, -is, –ere, rexi, rectum reg(e)- rex- rect-
4th audio, -is, –ire, -ivi, -itum audi- audiv- audit-

 

Personal verb tenses (with personal desinences) are distributed in two systems: present and perfect; and three modes: indicative, subjunctive and imperative.

The non-personal forms in Latin are:

  • Verbal nouns: infinitive, gerund, supine.
  • Verbal adjectives: participle and gerundive.

Personal desinences:

 

Active desinences

Pasive desinences

All tenses except indicative perfect

Indicative perfect

Present tenses

-m, -o

-s

-t

-mus

-tis

-nt

-i

-isti

-it

-imus

-istis

-erunt (-ere)

-r

-ris (-re)

-tur

-mur

-mini

-ntur

 

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Comments:

  1. Joseph T. Madawela:

    now it is coming back thanks!