Verbal morphology I Posted by leire on Jun 2, 2012 in Latin Language
General characteristics of the Latin conjugation
Latin conjugation is distributed in two voices: active and passive.
How to set out and how to determine the conjugations:
The statement of a verb consists, in that order, of the following forms:
- First person singular indicative present.
- Second person singular indicative present.
- Present infinitive.
- First person singular indicative perfect (praeteritum perfectum).
To determine the conjugation of a verb it is enough to look to the characteristics of its statement match those highlighted in bold in the following models:
Here we will show you a system of analysis of verb forms which will let you recognize any word found in a text without having to memorize from the beginning all the features, exceptions, phonetic changes, etc.., which may occur in verb conjugation.
|1st||amo, -as, –are, -avi, -atum||am(a)-||amav-||amat-|
|2nd||deleo, -es, -ere, -evi, -etum||dele-||delev-||delet-|
|3rd||rego, -is, –ere, rexi, rectum||reg(e)-||rex-||rect-|
|4th||audio, -is, –ire, -ivi, -itum||audi-||audiv-||audit-|
Personal verb tenses (with personal desinences) are distributed in two systems: present and perfect; and three modes: indicative, subjunctive and imperative.
The non-personal forms in Latin are:
- Verbal nouns: infinitive, gerund, supine.
- Verbal adjectives: participle and gerundive.
All tenses except indicative perfect
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