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How to use the hyphen in Portuguese Posted by on Feb 26, 2013 in Learning

Olá!

After the 2009 spelling reform, Portuguese has other (and easier) ways to use the hyphen. Let’s see how it is done now.

1. Different vowels – Don’t use the hyphen

infraestrutura
extraoficial
autoestrada
semiárido
ultraelevado

2. Same vowels – Use the hyphen

anti-inflamatório
auto-observação
micro-ondas
contra-argumento

3. Same consonants – Use the hyphen

sub-base
super-requintado
inter-racial
inter-relacionar
hiper-realista

4. Vowel + R and S – Don’t use the hyphen – duplicate the consonants: RR and SS

antissocial
autossuficiente
ultrassonografia
autorretrato
contrarreforma
ultrarrápido

5. With the word “bem” – Use the hyphen

bem-vindo
bem-nascido
bem-educado
bem-humorado

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About the Author:Adir

English / Spanish teacher and translator for over 20 years. I have been blogging since 2007 and I am also a professional singer in my spare time.


Comments:

  1. Good Evaning:

    Obrigado! I sometimes work as a copy-editor in English and the use of the hyphen is often a troublesome matter (for example, some say there should be no hyphen in “copy editor”).

    It seems much simpler in Portuguese! That’s one more reason to love the Portuguese language.

    • Adir:

      @Good Evaning Yes, but it used to have so many rules. Now it’s much easier!