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Hello, everybody! (Olá a todos!) Let’s see some grammar?
Portuguese, like many other languages, assigns gender – either masculine or feminine – to substantivos (nouns). Masculine nouns are preceded by the definite article “o” – as in o carro (the car), o cachorro (the dog), o prédio (the building) – whereas feminine nouns take the article “a” – like a casa (the house), a porta (the door), a geladeira (the fridge).
The general rule is that nouns ending with “a” are feminine and nouns that end with “o” are masculine:
But since every rule has its exceptions, even though nearly all nouns that end with “a” in Portuguese are feminine, a few masculine nouns may end with the letter “a”:
The exceptions are:
Nouns ending with “á”: o sofá (the couch), o chá (the tea), o guaraná (the guarana), o crachá (the name tag)
Você vai ficar deitado no sofá o dia todo? (Are you going to lie in the couch all day?)
Vou querer um chá de camomila (I’ll have a chamomile tea)
Nouns ending with “ema”*: o cinema, o poema (the poem), o problema (the problem), o sistema (the system), o esquema (the scheme), o dilema (the dilemma), o tema (the theme)
*usually words of greek origin
Nouns ending with “oma”: o diploma, o idioma (the language), o sintoma (the symptom), o coma (the comma)
Nouns ending with “grama”: o programa (the program), o quilograma (the kilogram), o diagrama (the diagram)
Other exceptions: o planeta (the planet), o mapa (the map), o dia (the day), o clima (the weather), o profeta (the prophet), o pijama (the pyjamas), o tapa (the slap), o drama (the drama)
Tenham um ótimo fim de semana! (Have a great weekend!)