What cities do you think of when you think of when you think of Brazil? Pense bem!
Rio de Janeiro?
These are all wonderful cidades brasileiras (Brazilian cities), but another city worth mentioning is Manaus in the state of Amazonas. From amazing shoppings (malls) to exotic nature reserves and great nightlife, a trip to Manaus can be the perfect trip. Here are some of the best spots:
PONTA NEGRA – A praia da Ponta Negra (Ponta Negra beach) is great for an early morning walk, swimming in the afternoon, or a snack or dinner at night. My favorite time to visit Ponta Negra is at o anoitecer de Manaus (dusk in Manaus is usually at 5:00PM).
TEATRO AMAZONAS – This is an opera house in the heart of Manaus. It was finished in 1896 and is home of the Amazonas Philharmonic Orchestra. You can stop in for a tour from one of their knowledgeable guides or buy tickets for one of their unique shows (these shows usually sell out quickly!).
PRESIDENTE FIGUEIREDO – Presidente Figueiredo is an area outside of the city of Manaus, but is a short car ride out of the city. If you want to spend some time out of the rush of the city, it is great to spend a few days here. There is hiking, boating, and swimming all around beautiful waterfalls.
These are just a few of the things to do and places to visit in Manaus. It is a unique, wonderful city that you will fall in love with.
After successfully hosting the Copa do Mundo de Futebol (Soccer World Cup) last year, Brazil is also hosting the 2016 Jogos Olímpicos which will take place in Rio de Janeiro, the amazing Brazilian city also known as “Cidade Maravilhosa” (marvellous city). Rio was given this nickname due to a song which became some kind of anthem for Rio, written and composed by André Filho and arranged by Silva Sobreira in 1935 for the Carnaval in Rio:
Even though the Copa do Mundo de Futebol brought many tourist to Brazil, the Jogos Olímpicos will bring people from all over the world, since 10,500 atletas (athletes) from 205 países (countries) are participating on it – much more than the 32 countries who played in the Copa do Mundo de Futebol in 2014.
While the world awaits for the Jogos Olímpicos to begin, you can start to learn the names of the sports as well as other vocabulary which relates to it.
During the cerimônia de abertura (opening ceremony) um atleta (one athlete) is chosen to light the chama olímpica (Olympic flame), which will remain lit until after the very last game for the cerimônia de fechamento (closing ceremony).
Olympic medals – medalhas olímpicas:
• The vencedor (winner) or primeiro lugar (first place) is awarded medalha de ouro (gold medal).
• The segundo lugar (second place) is awarded medalha de prata (silver medal).
• The terceiro lugar (third place) is awarded medalha de bronze (bronze medal).
In 2016 there will be a total of 42 esportes olímpicos (Olympic sports), 2 of which are being reintroduced – one of them after 112 years and the other one after 92 years. Looking at the sports below, você consegue adivinhar quais? (can you guess which ones?)
The answer is down below.
Esportes terminados em “bol” (sports which end in “ball”)
• Basketball – basquetebol
• Football – futebol
• Handball – handebol
• Volleyball – voleibol
• Beach volleyball – vôlei de praia
Esportes na água (water sports)
• Marathon swimming – maratonas aquáticas
• Water polo – polo aquático
• Synchronised swimming – nado cincronizado
• Swimming – natação
• Rowing – remo
• Diving – saltos ornamentais
• Sailing – vela
• Canoe Slalom – canoagem slalom
• Canoe sprint – canoagem velocidade
• BMX cycling – ciclismo BMX
• Road cycling – ciclismo de estrada
• Track cycling – ciclismo de pista
• Mountain bike – ciclismo mountain bike
• Freestyle wrestling – luta estilo livre
• Greco-Roman wrestling – luta greco-romana
• Judo – judô
• Taekwondo – taekwondo
• Boxing – boxe
Outros esportes (other sports)
• Hockey – hóquei sobre grama
• Rugby – rugby
• Weightlifting – levantamento de peso
• Athletics – atletismo
• Triathlon – triatlo
• Modern pentathlon – pentatlo moderno
• Fencing – esgrima
• Golf – golfe
• Badminton – badminton
• Tennis – tênis
• Table tennis – tênis de mesa
• Shooting – tiro esportivo
• Archery – tiro com arco
The site oficial (official website) for the Jogos Olímpicos is http://www.rio2016.com . Now that you know all the names, if you live in Brazil you have until 30th April 2015 (only another 10 days!) to choose your ingressos para os Jogos Olímpicos (Olympic Games tickets) tickets and participate in the sorteio (draw).
Did you figure out which 2 sports are being reintroduced for the Jogos Olímpicos 2016? Eles são golfe (de volta após 112 anos) e rugby (de volta após 92 anos) – They are Golf (back after 112 years) and Rugby (back after 92 years).
Olá galera, tudo bem? Brazil is a very diverse country and also has a very diverse range of musical genres. Listening to Brazilian music can help your Portuguese learning in a number of ways. Classics like Eu Só Quero Um Xodó by Dominguinhos can help you with dialects and slang–Xodó is slang from Pernambuco, meaning a person’s love interest or sweetheart. Popular music like Te Esperando by Luan Santana can introduce you to Brazilian pop culture. Not to mention listening to spoken (or sung) Portuguese will help train your accent! Check out these genres to learn more:
SAMBA (PAGODE) – Samba is what most people think of when they think of Brazilian music. Its origins are in African music brought to Brazil several centuries ago. Many consider Pagode to be a sub-genre of Samba (Pagode introduced new instruments and new singers). Popular and influential artists include Thiaguinho and Zeca Pagodinho. The group Sambô makes Samba versions of popular songs.
SERTANEJO – Sertanejo is a very dynamic genre of Brazilian music and its American counterpart is country music. Sertanejo’s roots are in the Brazilian countryside and the rural parts of interior states like Mato Grosso and Minas Gerais. It has 3 main sub genres: Sertanejo Universitário, Sertanejo de Raiz, and Sertanejo Romântico. Paula Fernandes and Michel Teló are Sertanejo artists that have become famous internationally.
BOSSA NOVA – Brazilian Bossa Nova is a genre that emerged in the 20th century and generated many big names in the music industry. Some famous Bossa Nova singers are Caetano Veloso, João Gilberto, and Antonio Carlos Jobim. Jobim collaborated with Frank Sinatra in the mid-20th century. Bossa Nova is perfect to listen to when you feel overwhelmed with your Portuguese studies–it’s easy on the ears and very relaxing!
MPB (MÚSICA POPULAR BRASILEIRA) – MPB comes from Bossa Nova and is one of the most popular genres in Brazil. These artists generally use Brazilian instruments and write lyrics that are for social and political purposes. Caetano Veloso and Gilberto Gil are traditional MPB artists and popular modern MPB artists include Marisa Monte and Marcelo Camelo.
FORRÓ – Forró is a typically northeastern genre even though Brazilians from all parts of the country listen to it. It’s characterized by fast, complicated dances to accompany the music and by the use of many different instruments. Forró musicians are called “forrozeiros.” Popular artists are Falamansa and Luiz Gonzaga.
Brazilians take music very seriously. During the dictatorship, music was extremely important in spreading messages and information. Some of the most influential Brazilian musicians during this time were Chico Buarque and Gilberto Gil (Gil later became a politician). Brazilian society is even sometimes divided by types of music. Genres like Sertanejo have evolved greatly and modern Sertanejo draws a very different crowd from traditional Sertanejo. MPB (Música Popular Brasileira) is a genre mostly listened to by the upper class in Brazilian society. A great way to immerse yourself in Brazilian culture is to immerse yourself in Brazilian music. Até a próxima!
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