Karachi – Capital of Sindh Province

Posted on 11. Apr, 2015 by in Uncategorized

Counterclockwise from top: Karachi Skyline, M.A. Jinnah Tomb, Karachi Sunday Textile Market, KPT headquarters, Sindh High Court, Kemari Boat Basinand Nagan Interchange

Karachi (Urdu: كراچى) is the largest city, main seaport and financial center of Pakistan, as well as the capital of the province of Sindh. The city has an estimated population of 21 million people at a density of nearly 6,000 people per square kilometer (15,500 per square mile). Karachi is the most populous city in the country, one of the world’s largest cities in terms of populationand also the 10th largest urban agglomeration in the world. It is Pakistan’s premier center of banking, industry, economic activity and trade and is home to Pakistan’s largest corporations, including those involved in textiles, shipping, automotive industry, entertainment, the arts, fashion, advertising, publishing, software development and medical research. The city is a major hub of higher education in South Asia and the Muslim world.

Karachi was the capital of Pakistan until Islamabad was constructed as a forward thrust capital in order to spread development much more evenly across the country and to prevent it from just being concentrated in Karachi. Karachi is the location of the Port of Karachi and Port Bin Qasim, two of the region’s largest and busiest ports. After the independence of Pakistan, the city population increased dramatically when hundreds of thousands of Muhajirs from India and other parts of South Asia came to settle in Karachi.

The city is located in the south of the country, along the coastline meeting the Arabian Sea. It is spread over 3,527 km2 (1,362 sq mi) in area, almost four times larger than Hong Kong. It is locally knownas the “City of Lights” (روشنیوں کا  شہر )  and “The bride of the cities” (عروس البلاد) for its liveliness, and the “City of the Quaid” (شہرِ قائد), having been the birth and burial place of Quaid-e-Azam, the Great Leader, (Muhammad Ali Jinnah), the founder of Pakistan, who made the city his home after Pakistan’s independence on 14 August 1947.

 

 

Reference: Wikipedia

Lahore – Capital of Punjab

Posted on 10. Apr, 2015 by in Uncategorized

Clockwise from top: Alamgiri Gate at Lahore Fort,Minar-e Pakistan, WAPDA Building, Old Anarkali Food Street, and Badshahi Mosque.

 

Lahore (Punjabi: لہور, Urdu:لاہور) is the capital of the Pakistani province of Punjab and the second largest city in the country. With a rich history dating back over a millennium, Lahore is a main cultural center of Pakistan. One of the most densely populated cities in the world, Lahore remains an economic, political, transportation, entertainment, and educational hub.

Lahore successively served as a regional capital of the empires of the Shahi kingdoms in the 11th century, the Ghaznavids in the 12th century, the Ghurid State in the 12th and 13th centuries and the Mughal Empire in the 16th century. From 1802 to 1849, Lahore served as the capital city of the Sikh Empire. In the mid 19th and early 20th century, Lahore was the capital of the Punjab region under the British Raj. The traditional capital of Punjab for a thousand years, Lahore was the cultural center of the northern Indian subcontinent which extends from the eastern banks of the Indus River to New Delhi. Mughal structures such as the Badshahi Mosque, the Lahore Fort, Shalimar Gardens, and the mausoleum of Jehangir and Nur Jehan are tourist attractions. Lahore is also home to many British colonial structures built in the Indo-Saracenic style, such as the Lahore High Court, the General Post Office, Lahore Museum and many older universities including the University of the Punjab. The Lahore Zoo, thought to be the fourth oldest in the world, is also situated here.

Lahore is referred to as the cultural heart of Pakistan as it hosts most of the arts, cuisine, festivals, film-making, music, gardening and intelligentsia of the country. Known for its affiliation with poets and artists, it has the largest number of educational institutions in Pakistan and some of the finest gardens on the continent. Lahore has always been a center for publications, where 80 percent of Pakistan’s books are published and remains the foremost center of literary, educational and cultural activity in Pakistan. It is also an important religious center as it is home to hundreds of temples, mosques, and shrines like Data Durbar Complex.

 

Reference: Wikipedia

Key Phrases and Day to Day Words in Urdu

Posted on 10. Apr, 2015 by in Uncategorized

Some day to day words in Urdu:

English

Urdu

name

نام

patience

صبر

to study

پڑھنآ

headache

سر درد

beach

ساحل سمندر

mathematics

ریاضی

mind

دماغ

coin

سکہ

money

رقم

to bite

کاٹنا

mosquito

مچھر

movie star

فلم سٹار

seafood

سمندری خوراک

to sit down

بیٹھنا

permission

اجازت

passenger

مسافر

structure

ڈھانچہ

fire drill

آگ مشق

cheek

گال

call

بلانا

hint

اشارہ

headline

شہ سرخی

Monday

پیر

to melt

پگھلنا

sailboat

بادبانی کَشتی

to agree

متفق ہونا

at random

بے ترتیب

to offend

توہین کرنا

car dealership

گاڑی کی ڈیلرشپ

to show

دکھانا

Key Phrases:

English/Transliteration

Urdu

Hello – [Assalam-o-Alekum]

اسلام و علیکم

Goodbye – [Khuda-hafiz]

خداحافظ

Please – [Bara-e-Meherbani]

برائے مہربانی

Thank you – [Shukria]

شکریہ

You’re welcome – [Nawazish]

نوازش

Yes – [Jee haan]

جی ہاں

No – [Jee nahin]

جی نہیں

How are you? – [Aap kaiseh hain?]

آپ کیسے ہیں؟

I’m fine, thank you – [Mayen theek hun, shukria!]

میں ٹھیک ٹھاک ہوں، شکریہ

I’m not well – [May di tabia theek nahin hain]

میری طبعیت ٹھیک نہیں ہے

Do you speak English? (Male speaker) – [Kiya aap angrezi boltay haen]

کیا آپ انگریزی بولتے ہیں؟

Do you speak English? (Female speaker) – [Kiya aap angrezi boulti haen]

کیا آپ انگریزی بولتی ہیں؟

Pleased to meet you – [Aap say milkar khushi hoee]

آپ سے مل کر خوشی ہوئی

I need help, please – [Mujhay aap kee madad kee zarurat hay]

مجھے آپ کی مدد کی ضرورت ہے

I’m sorry – [Maaf kee jeeye ga]

معاف کیجیے گا

My name is……[Mera naam hai…]

میرا نام ….. ہے

I don’t speak Urdu (male speaker) – [Mayen Urdu naheen boulta]

میں اردو نہیں بولتا

I don’t speak Urdu (female speaker) – [Mayen Urdu naheen boulti]

میں اردو نہیں بولتی

I don’t understand – [Mujhay samaj naheen aaee]

مجھے سمجھ نہیں آئی

See you later – [Phir milaiyin ge!]

پھر ملیں گے

Great! – [Zabardast!]

زبردست