Bilawal Bhutto Zardari

Posted on 19. Oct, 2014 by in Uncategorized

PPP Chairman Bilawal Bhutto Zardari

PPP Chairman Bilawal Bhutto Zardari

Pakistani politics these days is buzzing due to a number of events. Most notably the anti government rallies in various cities of the country have the masses mobilized. Every political party sensing elections in 2015 is taking to the streets and holding political rallies and events. Any and every politician is seen addressing their supporters and preparing for the polls these days. Yesterday Bilawal Zardari Bhuto also had a huge political rally in Karachi to officially launch his political career. Although the political situation in Pakistan is not favoring Bilawal’s Pakistan People’s Party (PPP) these days but many believe that he will eventually be Pakistan’s Prime Minister one day.

Bilawal was born at Lady Dufferin Hospital in Karachi, Pakistan on 21 September 1988,as the first of three children of Prime Minister Benazir Bhutto and her husband, Asif Ali Zardari who later became the President of Pakistan in 2008. Bilawal was only three months old when his mother, Benazir Bhutto became the first female Prime Minister of Pakistan in 1988. He is also the grandson of former Prime Minister Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto.

He spent his childhood in Dubai and London during his family’s self-exile.  He has a black belt in Taekwondo but regrets he could not play cricket because of his family circumstances. He returned to Pakistan after Benazir was assassinated and to witness his father sworn in as President of Pakistan. After the assassination of Benazir Bhutto, Benazir’s political will declared Asif Ali Zardari as Benazir’s successor for party leadership. However Bilawal became Chairman of the Pakistan People’s Party because Zardari favored Bilawal to represent Bhutto’s legacy in part to avoid division within the party due to his own unpopularity. Zardari planned to act as co-chairman of the PPP for at least three years until Bilawal completed his studies overseas.

Bilawal was appointed chairman of the PPP on 30 December 2007. Asif Zardari also announced Bilawal’s name change from “Bilawal Bhutto” to “Bilawal Zardari”. In 2013 Bilawal turned 25, thus becoming eligible to contest elections for the National Assembly. These days after launching his political career he is busy rebuilding the image of his party which will be an uphill task due to his father’s unpopularity in the masses.

 

Conversation about a Meeting

Posted on 17. Oct, 2014 by in Uncategorized

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Sikh Period in Pakistan

Posted on 15. Oct, 2014 by in Uncategorized

A Sikh devotee at Nankana Sahib Gurdwara in Pakistan (pic by a1245 on Flickr.com)

A Sikh devotee at Nankana Sahib Gurdwara in Pakistan (pic by a1245 on Flickr.com)

The Sikhs established their Empire in the Punjab after the death of the Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb Alamgir in 1707. With the death of Aurangzeb the country saw a series of rapid governmental changes that pusehed the region in to the depths of anarchy.  Taking advantage of the situation Charat Singh, who was the head of one of the Sikh Clans, established his stronghold in Gujranwala in 1763. Charat Singh died in 1774 and was succeeded by his son, Mahan Singh, who in turn fathered the most brilliant leader in the history of the Punjab: Maharaja Ranjit Singh.  It was this remarkable leader who united the whole Punjab under one flag.  His rule stretched from the banks of the Jamna to the Khyber and from Kashmir to Multan.  Maharaja Ranjit Singh was the most powerful of all the Sikh Rulers and ruled for over 40 years. After his death in 1840 the Sikh Empire was divided into small principalities looked after by several Sikh Jagirdars.  This weak situation provided a good opportunity to the British of East India Company to put an end to the Sikh strong hold in the Punjab in 1849.

Sikhs are the followers of Baba Guru Nanak Sahib. He was the son of Mehta Kalu Chand and Tripta Devi, both of them Khatris by caste.  He was born at Nankana Sahib in 1464.  Sikhism was born as a direct reaction against rigid, cruel and inhuman practices of Brahamanism and its rigid caste system.  But another important factor which influenced the mind of the people, who contributed to the growth of Sikhism, was the impact of Islam which had spread from Arabia to Iraq, Turkistan, Persia and Afghanistan and came in to contact with Christianity, Judaism, Buddhism and Zoroastrianism.

The Sikh religion is in fact a product of the Sufi and Bhakti school of thought.  Guru Nanak was greatly influenced by Kabir and Shaikh Ibrahim Farid  (1450 – 1535) a descendant of the famous Sufi saint Shaikh Fariduddin Shakarganj of Pak Pattan whose works were incorporated in the Garanth Sahib.  Guru Nanak studied books of Hindu and Muslims religions and it was only after deep study of both the religions that he evolved his own school of thought. The basic principles of the Sikhism are much closer to Islam than to Hinduism. A study of the life, events of the Gurus and the large numbers of the monuments sacred to them will, however, reveal how deeply all the Sikh Gurus in general and Guru Nanak, Ajen Dev and Har Gobind Singh in particular are associated with Pakistan.

Sikh Shrines: The Gurdwaras are more than a place of worship for the Sikhs.  They serve as schools, meeting place and a rest house for the travelers in addition to enshrining the Garanth Sahib.  The Gurdwaras are, as such, integral part of the Sikh religious and social life.  Since the Sikh Rule lasted for almost a century in the sub-continent there are hundreds of Gurdawaras all over Pakistan but mostly in the Punjab, some of which are very famous such as Nankana Sahib and Punja Sahib. These Gurdwaras are looked after by the Evacuee Trust Property Board (ETPB) which is under the control of the Ministry of Culture, Islamabad.

Important Sikh Gurus            Dates
  1. Guru Nanak Sahib
(1464-1539 A.D)
  1. Guru Angad
(1504-1522 A.D)
  1. Guru Amar Das
(1509-1574 A.D)
  1. Guru Ram Das
(1534-1581 A.D)
  1. Guru Arjun Dev
(1563-1606 A.D)
  1. Guru Har Gobind
(1595-1645 A.D)
  1. Guru Har Rai
(1631-1661 A.D)
  1. Guru Har Krishan
(1656-1664 A.D)
  1. Guru Tegh Bahadur
(1622-1675 A.D)
  1. Guru Gobind Singh
(1665-1708 A.D)