Avicenna (ابن سینا) is a famous Muslim physician and philosopher. His full name is (أبو علي الحسين بن عبد الله بن الحسن بن علي بن سينا). He was born around 980 in Afghanistan and started to learn medicine, logic, philosophy and literature at a very early age.He completed learning the Qur’an before the age of 10. Ibn Sina was famous for travelling, and he travelled to many countries to seek learning and knowledge. He was famous of in many fields not only medicine and philosophy, e.g. astronomy, chemistry, geology, mathematics, science, etc.
Ibn Sina started to learn medicine at the age of 16 and became an established physician at the age of 18. He was called to treat the ruler of the Samanid Dynasty which gave him access to the library of the palace. This helped increase his knowledge in many fields. He started writing then.
Ibn Sina wrote more than 450 books, more than 200 of them survived. He is considered to be the father of modern medicine. One of the most famous of his books is (القانون في الطب) in which he explains the symptoms and treatment of many medical conditions. This book was taught at Western universities until 1650. Another famous book of Ibn Sina is (كتاب الشفاء) which is a vast philosophical and scientific encyclopaedia. Ibn Sina is famous for the introduction of experimental medicine, and his study of the nature of infectious disease and quarantine to stop their spread. He also described many psychological conditions and pioneered their treatment.
Ibn Sina was interested in Greek, Persian and Indian philosophy and translated Greek, Persian, and Islamic knowledge in his books. He had encyclopaedic knowledge of many fields like chemistry, astronomy, logic, literature, art, theology, among many others. He died at the age of 58 in the year 1037.
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