Verbal Sentence: The Subject/Doer (Part 1) Posted by Fisal on Sep 6, 2012 in Arabic Language, Grammar, Pronunciation, Vocabulary
The Verbal Sentence: The Subject/Doer الــفــاعــِــل (Part 1)
We have already started studying Arabic verbs. Check the previous posts for revision:
Knowing about verbs is very important for studying the Verbal Sentence and its components. We have already learnt that the verbal sentence must start with a verb; that was the first component. Today, we are going to study, in more detail, another component which is the subject الــفــَــاعــِــل or the doer of the verb.
- Definition :
The Subject/doer الــفــاعــِــل (of a verb) is a noun (or pronoun) that is in the Nominative Case حــَــالــَــةُ الــرَّفــْــعِ and is preceded by an active verb and this noun or pronoun refers to whatever or whoever did the action or what the verb did.
Ex. – تــَــفــَــتَّــحَ الــزَّهــْــرُ = The flowers bloomed.
– اِنــْــكــَــســَــرَ الــغــصــْــنُ = The branch broke.
– كــَــتــَــبَ مــُــحــَــمــَّــدٌ الــدَّرسَ = Muhammad Wrote the lesson.
As we can see, the second words ( الزهرُ and الغصنُ ) in both examples, are subjects of the verbs. The first subject did the action; so what bloomed? The flowers. The second subject الغصنُ broke; so what broke? The branch. In the third example; Who wrote? Muhammad. So, Muhammad is the subect of the verb “wrote”.
– To be continued ……
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