Arabic Language Blog

Verbal Sentence: The Subject/Doer (Part 1) Posted by on Sep 6, 2012 in Arabic Language, Grammar, Pronunciation, Vocabulary

The Verbal Sentence: The Subject/Doer الــفــاعــِــل (Part 1)

We have already started studying Arabic verbs. Check the previous posts for revision:

1)      Introduction to Verbs مـُـقــَــدِّمــَــة فـِـى الأفــْــعــَـــال  

2)      Verb Type نــَــوعُ الــفــِــعــْـــلِ  

3)      Verb Tense زمــنُ الــفــِــعــلِ ; (1) The Past الــمــَــاضــِــى  

4)      Verb Tense زمــنُ الــفــِــعــْــلِ ; (2) The Present الــمــُــضــَــارع

5)       Verb Tense زمــنُ الــفــِــعــْـــلِ ; (3) The Imperative الأمــْْـــر

6)      Verb Health صــِــحــَّــةُ الــفــِــعــْـــلِ ; The Sound (Salim) Verb الــفــِــعــْــلُ الــســَّــالــِــم

7)      Healthy Verbs الأفــعــَــال الــصــَّــحــيــحــَــة ; The Mahmouz Verb الــفــِــعــْــل الــمــَــهــْــمــُــوز

8)      Healthy Verbs الأفــعــَــال الــصــَّــحــيــحــَــة ; The Doubled Verb الــفــِــعــْــلُ الــمــُــضــَــعــَّــف

9)      Weak Verbs الأفــعــَــال الــمــُــعــْــتــَــلــَّــة ; The Mithaal Verb الــفــِــعــْــلُ الــمــِــثــَــال

10)  Weak Verbs الأفــعــَــال الــمــُــعــْــتــَــلــَّــة ; The Agwaf Verb الــفــِــعــْــلُ الأجــْــوَف

11)  Weak Verbs الأفــعــَــال الــمــُــعــْــتــَــلــَّــة ; The Naaqis Verb الــفــِــعــْــلُ الــنــَّــاقــِــص

12)  Weak Verbs الأفــعــَــالُ الــمــُــعــْــتــَــلــَّــة ; The Lafeef Verb الــفــِــعــْــلُ اللــَّــفــيــف

13)  Verb Effect أثــَــرُ الــفــِـــعــْـــلِ ; Transitive and Intransitive

     Knowing about verbs is very important for studying the Verbal Sentence and its components. We have already learnt that the verbal sentence must start with a verb; that was the first component. Today, we are going to study, in more detail, another component which is the subject الــفــَــاعــِــل or the doer of the verb.


  • Definition :

The Subject/doer الــفــاعــِــل (of a verb) is a noun (or pronoun) that is in the Nominative Case حــَــالــَــةُ الــرَّفــْــعِ and is preceded by an active verb and this noun or pronoun refers to whatever or whoever did the action or what the verb did.

                     Ex. – تــَــفــَــتَّــحَ الــزَّهــْــرُ  = The flowers bloomed.

                        –  اِنــْــكــَــســَــرَ الــغــصــْــنُ  = The branch broke.

                       – كــَــتــَــبَ مــُــحــَــمــَّــدٌ الــدَّرسَ  = Muhammad Wrote the lesson.

As we can see, the second words ( الزهرُ and الغصنُ ) in both examples, are subjects of the verbs. The first subject did the action; so what bloomed? The flowers. The second subject الغصنُ broke; so what broke? The branch. In the third example; Who wrote? Muhammad. So, Muhammad is the subect of the verb “wrote”.

        –  To be continued ……

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Peace  ســلام /Salam/

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About the Author: Fisal

Well, I was born near the city of Rasheed or Rosetta, Egypt. Yes, the city where the Rosetta Stone was discovered. It is a small city on the north of Egypt where the Nile meets the Mediterranean. I am a Teacher of EFL.


  1. Noibi ‘Abdul Mujeeb:

    Please, what is the hukmu of this tittle “الدواوین الست” is it correct?if not ,how then why.
    Many arguments has been raised upon this topic that the tittle isn’t correct.Pls put me through with more explanations. Please, in Arabic.