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Chinese Names for European Countries Posted by on Sep 23, 2015 in Vocabulary

We’re going all around the world to learn the Chinese names for different countries, states, provinces, cities – you name it! In case you missed the previous posts, here are links to catch you up:

Today we’re jumping over the pond to learn the names for European countries. As there are so many of them to study, we’re going to skip the capitals on this one! Ready to learn the names of 50+ countries? Let’s head to Europe (欧洲 – Ōu zhōu):

Europe Travel Map By Kevin Hale from flickr.com

Europe Travel Map
By Kevin Hale from flickr.com

English Chinese Pinyin
Albania 阿尔巴尼亚 Ā ěr bā ní yǎ
Andorra 安道尔 Ān dào ěr
Armenia 亚美尼亚 Yà měi ní yǎ
Austria 奥地利 Ào dì lì
Azerbaijan 阿塞拜疆 Ā sè bài jiāng
Belarus 白俄罗斯 Bái è luó sī
Belgium 比利时 Bǐ lì shí
Bosnia and Herzegovina 波斯尼亚和黑塞哥维那 Bō sī ní yǎ hé hēi sāi gē wéi nà
Bulgaria 保加利亚 Bǎo jiā lì yǎ
Croatia 克罗地亚 Kè luó dì yà
Cyprus 塞浦路斯 Sāi pǔ lù sī
Czech Republic 捷克共和国 Jié kè gòng hé guó
Denmark 丹麦 Dān mài
Estonia 爱沙尼亚 Ài shā ní yǎ
Finland 芬兰 Fēn lán
France 法国 Fà guó
Georgia 格鲁吉亚 Gé lǔ jí yà
Germany 德国 Dé guó
Greece 希腊 Xī là
Hungary 匈牙利 Xiōng yá lì
Iceland 冰岛 Bīng dǎo
Ireland 爱尔兰 Ài ěr lán
Italy 意大利 Yì dà lì
Kazakhstan 哈萨克斯坦 Hā sà kè sī tǎn
Kosovo 科索沃 Kē suǒ wò
Latvia 拉脱维亚 Lā tuō wéi yǎ
Liechtenstein 列支敦士登 Liè zhī dūn shì dēng
Lithuania 立陶宛 Lì táo wǎn
Luxembourg 卢森堡 Lú sēn bǎo
Macedonia 马其顿 Mǎ qí dùn
Malta 马耳他 Mǎ ěr tā
Moldova 摩尔多瓦 Mó ěr duō wǎ
Monaco 摩纳哥 Mó nà gē
Montenegro 黑山共和国 Hēi shān gòng hé guó
Netherlands 荷兰 Hé lán
Norway 挪威 Nuó wēi
Poland 波兰 Bō lán
Portugal 葡萄牙 Pú táo yá
Romania 罗马尼亚 Luó mǎ ní yǎ
Russia 俄罗斯 È luó sī
San Marino 圣马力诺 Shèng mǎ lì nuò
Serbia 塞尔维亚 Sài ěr wéi yǎ
Slovakia 斯洛伐克 Sī luò fá kè
Slovenia 斯洛文尼亚 Sī luò wén ní yǎ
Spain 西班牙 Xī bān yá
Sweden 瑞典 Ruì diǎn
Switzerland 瑞士 Ruì shì
Turkey 土耳其 Tǔ ěr qí
Ukraine 乌克兰 Wū kè lán
United Kingdom 英国 Yīng guó
Vatican City 梵蒂冈城 Fàn dì gāng chéng

It can be tricky remembering Chinese names for different countries, but it can also be fun. Just check out this hilarious map from haonowshaokao.com that gives literal translations of the Chinese names for European countries. Which country is the “Brave Land”? How about “Orchid Fragrance”? What country could “West Class Tooth” possibly be?

Now, here are a few questions you can answer to practice using the names you learned in this lesson:

  • Are you European?

    你是欧洲人吗? (Nǐ shì ōu zhōu rén ma)

  • Which country?

    哪个国家的? (nǎ ge guó jiā de)

  • Have you been to Europe

    你去过欧洲吗? (nǐ qù guò ōu zhōu ma)

  • Which countries have you been to?

    去过什么国家? (qù guò shèn me guó jiā)

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About the Author: sasha

Sasha is an English teacher, writer, photographer, and videographer from the great state of Michigan. Upon graduating from Michigan State University, he moved to China and spent 5+ years living, working, studying, and traveling there. He also studied Indonesian Language & Culture in Bali for a year. He and his wife run the travel blog Grateful Gypsies, and they're currently trying the digital nomad lifestyle across Latin America.


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