French Language Blog

Classical French Grammar 101! Posted by on Nov 24, 2013 in Grammar, Vocabulary

We’ve already covered tougher topics in French grammar, not the least of which was le subjonctif.

Today, we invite you to Review with us les bases

It sure doesn’t get more “classical” in French grammar than the subject of les classes grammaticales (Grammatical Classes.)

In French, as in any other language, in order to fully grasp the meaning of a sentence, it is essential to determine the function of each one of its words:

Is it un verbe (a verb)?

Is it un nom (a noun)?

Is it perhaps un adjectif (an adjective)?

Could it be un déterminant (a determiner)?

If not, maybe un pronom (a pronoun)?

A conjonction (conjunction)?

Une préposition (a preposition)?

Possibly une interjection!

We’ll take a close look to each one these gramamtical classes to help you answer these questions, so that you get a better chance understanding French sentences.


Les classes grammaticales

Grammatical Class The Function The Agreement A Few Examples
Le verbe (Verb) Le verbe is all about l’action.L’action made by whom?By le sujet (the subject) of course! How do we conjugate un verbe? It’s le temps de l’action (the time of the action) that determines the conjugaison Être, avoir, aimer (to love, to like), croire (to believe), pardonner (to forgive),comprendre (to understand), pouvoir (to be able)
Le Nom (Noun) A noun can be une idée abstraite (an abstract idea), une personne, un animal, or un objet (an object), etc. L’accord (the agreement) of the le nom occurs with l’adjectif, le déterminant, le pronom, and le verbe Crêpes, poème, festival, opéra, Parisfolklore
Le déterminant(Determiner) Used with un nom (a name), the determiner provides more specific information on it, such as le nombre (the number), and le genre (gender) L’accord (the agreement) happens with le nom which it determines Un, une, des; le, la, les; ce/cet, cette; mon, ma, mes, ton, ta, tes, son, sa; etc.
L’adjectif(Adjective) Tied to le nom, it helps to express its quality, a relationship, etc.
Just like with the determiner, the adjective agrees with le nom which it serves to qualify
Fantastique, illustre, difficile, fabuleux, sympathique, etc.
Le pronom(Pronoun) Mostly to avoid repetition, a pronom (pronoun) can replace un pronom (a pronoun) or un adjectif (adjective) The agreement is in gender and number Je, tu, il/elle, nous, vous, ils/elles, on, le mien, le leur, celle-ci, celui, tout, lequel, qui
L’adverbe An invariable that modifies the sense of d’autres mots (of other words) Les adverbes are invariable, so no accord (agreement) in this case(agreement) Beaucoup, très, heureusement, devant, peu, tellement, assez, parfois
La conjonction  As the word conjonction indicates, its function is to link two words or two sentences Also invariable, and therefore has no accord (agreement) Mais, ou, et, donc, or, ni, car, que, puis, si, néanmoins, comme, parce que, puisque
La préposition


A préposition aims at introducing un complément 





Dans, sur, contre, à, sauf, avec, dans, de, depuis, avant, sans, vers, pour

Aïe ! Plouf! Eh! Ah! Splash! Bong!

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