French Vocabulary – Town and Country Posted by Tim Hildreth on Jul 28, 2020 in Geography, Language, Music, Vocabulary
It’s easy to think, when you look at a bilingual dictionary, that there is a right word in French for every word in English. Sometimes though picking the right word in another language is complicated by nuances of meaning.
Le Rat de la ville et le Rat des champs
Ville (n.f; la ville) is one such word. In English, the word ville can be translated as either town or city. Knowing which of them someone is referring to – whether they mean a city or town – depends on context.
Legally speaking, the French government only recognizes three administrative groups: la région (the region, of which France has 13, not including les DOM-TOM), le département (the department, 95 within the borders of France, 2 in Corsica, and 5 overseas 1The department number (75 for Paris, 92 for the Hauts-de-Seine where I used to live) shows up in postal codes (75015 for the 15th arrondissement in Paris, 92270 for Bois-Colombes)), and la commune (the community, almost 35,000 across all regions!).
When you get away from the legal definitions though, there are many different terms for describing the places where people live:
le hameau / hamlet – a gathering of a small number of houses or buildings, like le hameau de la reine at Versailles
le village / village – generally more rural, strictly speaking un village a moins de 2 ooo habitants (a village has fewer than 2,000 residents)
la ville, qui peut être petite, moyenne, ou grande / the city, which can be small (5,000 to 20,000 people), medium (20,000 – 50,000), or large (more than 50,000)
la cité / the city – In French, the word cité is generally used to refer to a specific part of a city or type of city, as opposed to a city in general. You’ll find it in expressions like cité mediévale (medieval city), la cité universitaire (the university area), and of course l’Île de la Cité on which the first settlements that would grow to become Paris appeared.
le quartier / the quarter, neighborhood – with their unique character and their local markets, these smaller parts of cities and towns are often the lifeblood of the community
l’arrondissement / borough, ward – it’s only taken me 35 years to figure out that arrondissements are what we here in the US would think of as a ward or borough. In the same way that, say, Manhattan is a borough of the city of New York, the 1st, 4th, 15th, 16th and all the other arrondissements are semi-autonomous, but all part of the city of Paris.
To wrap up here is a fun little clip (video) from the French singer Voyou accompanied by Yelle. It’s a funky little song accompanied by some decidedly interesting views of Paris. Qu’en pensez-vous des bruits de la ville? (What do you think about the sounds of the city?)
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