French Language Blog

Les classes grammaticales françaises (French Grammatical Classes) Posted by on Jun 6, 2011 in Grammar



Don’t be just good, or “average good”, in French grammar; why not become un superman de la grammaire française !

(Picture suggested by a fan of The French Blog)

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For that, retour aux bases (back to the basics):


Starting with identifying les classes grammaticales (Grammatical classes), which are today’s subject: Le verbe (the verb), le nom (the name), l’adjectif (the adjective), le déterminant (the determiner), le pronom (the pronoun), la conjonction (the conjunction), la préposition (the preposition), and l’interjection !

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Le verbe is all about l’action 

L’action made by whom? By le sujet (the subject)

How to conjugate le verbe? It’s le temps de l’action (the time of the action) that determines the conjugaison 


Être, avoir, pardonner (to forgive), aimer (to love, to like), croire (to believe), pouvoir (to be able), comprendre (to understand)
What’s in a name”? That, of course, depends: It could be une idée abstraite (abstract idea), it could be une personne, un animal, or un objet (an object), etc. L’accord (the agreement) of the le nom occurs with l’adjectif, le déterminant, le pronom, and le verbe Festival, Lafayette, opéra, Parisfolklorecrêpes, poème
Used with un nom (a name), the determiner provides more specific information on it, such as le nombre (the number), and le genre (gender) L’accord (the agreement) happens with le nom which it determines Un, une, des; le, la, les; ce/cet, cette; mon, ma, mes, ton, ta, tes, son, sa; etc.


Tied to le nom, it helps to express its quality, a relationship, etc. 
Just like with the determiner, the adjective agrees with le nom which it serves to qualify
Merveilleux, pernicieux, facile, fabuleux, énigmatique, sympathique, etc.
Mostly to avoid repetition, a pronom (pronoun) can replace un pronom (a pronoun) or un adjectif (adjective) The agreement is in gender and number Je, tu, il/elle, nous, vous, ils/elles, on, le mien, le leur, celle-ci, celui, tout, lequel, qui
ADVERBE An invariable that modifies the sense of d’autres mots (of other words) Les adverbes are invariable, and therefore have no accord (agreement) Beaucoup, très, affectueusement, derrière, peu, tellement, assez, parfois
As the word conjonction indicates, its function is to link two words or two sentences Also invariable, and therefore has no accord (agreement)

mais, ou, et, donc, or, ni, car, que, puis, si, néanmoins, comme, parce que, puisque





A préposition aims at introducing un complément 





Also invariable




Dans, sur, contre, à, sauf, avec, dans, de, depuis, avant, sans, vers, pour 


Oh! Eh ! Aïe ! Paf! Splash!

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  1. Eric yuen:

    For a French language beginner like myself, this post is very useful,informative,and appreciated.
    It would more interesting, if there were examples of simple sentences using those “example words”
    Merci beaucoup pour votre poste.

  2. Charlee:

    I love this blog, I think it one of the most useful around which is why I’ve nominated you for a blog award

    Thanks so much 🙂