Il nuovo vocabolario Posted by Bridgette on Apr 15, 2021 in Italian Language, Vocabulary
Il nuovo vocabolario – New vocabulary
Last week I posted part of the first chapter of Harry Potter e la Pietra Filosofale, Harry Potter and the Sorcerer’s Stone, and I suggested reading books that you have read in the past in order to help with your Italian reading comprehension.
When reading books whose story you already know well, you can focus on smaller details such as grammatical constructions and vocabulary acquisition. You will be able to pick up vocabulary contextually, especially if you know the story well.
These words will most likely become passive vocabulary for you, however, and not active – whereas you can recognize the word when read or heard, but you cannot use it in conversation yourself! We will discuss ways below on how to make these new words active.
Here are some vocabulary words from the text that you may not have known, or you have deduced from the context:
sciocchezze – nonsense
orgoglioso – proud
trapani – drills
corpulento – corpulent (fat)
nerboruto – sinewy (lean and muscular)
paio di baffi – mustache
la siepe del giardino – the garden hedge
figlioletto – little son
timore – fear
addirittura – even
fare finta – to pretend
buono a nulla (di) – good for nothing
rabbrividire – to shiver
paraggi – nearby
i coniugi – the spouses
nuvoloso – cloudy
presagire – to predict, to foretell
canticchiando – humming
chiacchierare – to chat
ininterrottamente – continuously
seggiolone – highchair
squarciagola – at the top of one’s lungs
Now of course we want these words to be apart of our active vocabulary, so not only can you recognize them, but you can readily use them in conversation yourself. In order to do that, you must work with them in more ways than just through reading.
- use them in conversation (speaking)
- write them in contextualized sentences (writing)
- listen to native speakers saying these words (listening)
That way, along with the reading, you are practicing these vocabulary words in every language learning modality. Some modalities may actually work better for you as the learner, but in order for this word to really stick in your mind, you need to be using it as much as you can, across all the disciplines.
For speaking, write these words down and challenge yourself to bring them up in your next Italian conversation. For writing, maybe pick 5 words or so and write out your own mini-story, or just write out individual sentences utilizing these words. Listening is a bit more difficult – but if you are lucky to have native speakers with whom you practice, ask them to utilize these words in context with you during your next conversation. Or turn to technology – get the audio book and start listening along as you read, utilize Italian dictionaries where you can listen to the word, and even listen to examples of the word being used in context!
Lastly, repetition is key. Keep repeatedly using and practicing these words, and they will become active vocabulary for you quickly.
Here’s some more Harry Potter vocabulary for fun:
Grifondoro – gryffindor
Tassorosso – hufflepuff
Corvonero – ravenclaw
Serpeverde – slytherin
Divinazione – divination
Babbanologia – muggle studies
Incantesimi – charms
Trasfigurazione – transfiguration
Difesa contro le arti oscure – defense against the dark arts
Pozioni – potions
Storia della magia – history of magic
Cura delle creature magiche – care of magical creatures
cacciatore – chaser
battitore – beater
portiere – keeper
cercatore – seeker
pluffa – quaffle
bolide – bludger
boccino d’oro – golden snitch
bacchetta – wand
mantello dell’invisibilità – invisibility cloak
mappa del malandrino – marauders’ map
*cappello parlante – sorting hat
*mangiamorte – death eater
dissennatore – dementor
ippogrifo – hippogriff
lupo mannaro – werewolf
*strillettera – howler
*magonò – squib
Some of my favorites are starred above. Mangiamorte for the literal translation of death eater, cappello parlante, the “talking hat” for the sorting hat. Strillettera, “scream letter” for the howler. Magonò, “wizard no” for a squib – or someone who was born a wizard but does not have the ability to use magic.
Which new vocabulary words do you like the most?
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