Japanese Language Blog

Japanese Days of the Month – Review Posted by on Jun 25, 2014 in Grammar

Recently, I had many questions from Japanese blog readers regarding Japanese days of the month. I thought it will be a good time to review this and expand our vocabularies a bit more than what was mentioned on the previous article. I took the list written by another blogger, Ginny back in 2009 and expanded the list below.


In Japanese, the way we count the days of the month is:

Day 1 : ついたち, 一日 (tsuitachi)

Day 2 : ふつか、二日 (futsuka)

Day 3 : みっか、三日 (mikka)

Day 4 : よっか、四日(yokka)

Day 5 : いつか、五日 (itsuka)

Day 6 : むいか、六日 (muika)

Day 7 : なのか、七日 (nanoka)

Day 8 : ようか、八日 (yooka)

Day 9 : ここのか、九日 (kokonoka)

Day 10 : とおか、十日 (tooka)

Day 11 : じゅういちにち、十一日 (juuichinichi)

Day 12 : じゅうににち、十二日 (juuninichi)

Day 13 : じゅうさんにち、十三日 (juusannichi)

Day 14 : じゅうよっか、十四日 (juuyokka)

Day 15 : じゅうごにち、十五日 (juungonichi)

Day 16 : じゅうろくにち、十六日 (juurokunichi)

Day 17 : じゅうひちにち、十七日 (juuhichinichi)

Day 18: じゅうはちにち、十八日 (juuhachinichi)

Day 19: じゅうくにち、十九日 (juukunichi)

Day 20: はつか、二十日 (hatsuka)

Day 21: にじゅういちにち、二十一日 (nijuuichinichi)

Day 22: にじゅうににち、二十二日 (nijuuninichi)

Day 23: にじゅうさんにち、二十三日 (nijuusannichi)

Day 24: にじゅうよっか、二十四日 (nijuuyokka)

Day 25: にじゅうごにち、二十五日 (nijuugonichi)

Day 26: にじゅうろくにち、二十六日 (nijuurokunichi)

Day 27: にじゅうひちにち、二十七日 (nijuuhichinichi)

Day 28: にじゅうはちにち、二十八日 (nijuuhachinichi)

Day 29: にじゅうくにち、二十九日 (nijuukunichi)

Day 30: さんじゅうにち、三十日 (sanjuunichi)

Day 31: さんじゅういちにち、三十一日 (sanjuuichinichi)


Based on this rule above, here are some of the examples on how to read the dates:

January 1st -> いちがつ ついたち、一月一日 (ichigatsu tsuitachi)

March 20th -> さんがつ はつか、三月二十日 (sangatsu hatsuka)

August 8th -> はちがつ ようか、八月八日 (hachigatsu yooka)

September 5th -> くがつ いつか、九月五日 (kugatsu itsuka)

May 17th -> ごがつ じゅうひちにち、五月十七日 (gogatsu juuhichinichi)

April 30th -> しがつ さんじゅうにち、四月三十日(shigatsu sanjuunichi)


The tricky ones are the 1st through 10th, and 20th. If you pay attention to these, rest is not as bad.  The way we count the days in Japanese is not as straight forward as in English, but when it comes to reading the month, I think Japanese is much simpler.

For your review:

January – いちがつ、一月

February – にがつ、二月

March – さんがつ、三月

April – しがつ、四月

May – ごがつ、五月

June- ろくがつ、六月



September – くがつ、九月

October – じゅうがつ、十月

November – じゅういちがつ、十一月

December – じゅうにがつ、十二月

Keep learning Japanese with us!

Build vocabulary, practice pronunciation, and more with Transparent Language Online. Available anytime, anywhere, on any device.

Try it Free Find it at your Library
Share this:
Pin it

About the Author: keiko

Born and raised in Japan. She currently lives in U.S. with her husband and two kids.