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Sounds X and CH in Português Brasileiro Posted by on Sep 21, 2015 in Learning, Spelling, Vocabulary

Tudo joia, gente? (How are things, everyone?)

 

Last Monday we focused on the sounds S e R em Português, there are two other sounds which are also very important in Português: X e CH.

 

  • The sound X could be a difficult one for a non-native since there are four different ways of pronouncing it and no specific rules to help out.

 

  1. The most frequent sound for the letter X in Português is the sound SH in English:

México (Mexico)

[audio:https://blogs.transparent.com/portuguese/files/2015/09/mexico.mp3″]

Deixar (let)

[audio:https://blogs.transparent.com/portuguese/files/2015/09/deixar.mp3″]

Caixa (box)

[audio:https://blogs.transparent.com/portuguese/files/2015/09/caixa.mp3″]

Lixo (garbage)

[audio:https://blogs.transparent.com/portuguese/files/2015/09/lixo.mp3″]

Mexer (there are many translations to this word, the most common are: move; stir; wiggle; disturb)

[audio:https://blogs.transparent.com/portuguese/files/2015/09/mexer.mp3″]

Bruxa (witch)

[audio:https://blogs.transparent.com/portuguese/files/2015/09/bruxa.mp3″]

Puxar (pull)

[audio:https://blogs.transparent.com/portuguese/files/2015/09/puxar.mp3″]

 

 

  1. Sometimes the X will sound as an S does in English:

Ex-presidente (ex-president)

[audio:https://blogs.transparent.com/portuguese/files/2015/09/ex-president.mp3″]

Sexta-feira (Friday)

[audio:https://blogs.transparent.com/portuguese/files/2015/09/sexta-feira.mp3″]

Trouxe (brought)

[audio:https://blogs.transparent.com/portuguese/files/2015/09/trouxe.mp3″]

Excelente (excellent)

[audio:https://blogs.transparent.com/portuguese/files/2015/09/excelente.mp3″]

Exportar (export)

[audio:https://blogs.transparent.com/portuguese/files/2015/09/exportar.mp3″]

Expectativa (expectation)

[audio:https://blogs.transparent.com/portuguese/files/2015/09/expectativa.mp3″]

Explorar (explore)

[audio:https://blogs.transparent.com/portuguese/files/2015/09/explorar.mp3″]

 

 

  1. Another sound for the letter X would be a Z sound in English and this sound tends to occur when there is a E + X + vowel:

Exercício (exercise)

[audio:https://blogs.transparent.com/portuguese/files/2015/09/exercicio.mp3″]

Exausto (exhausted)

[audio:https://blogs.transparent.com/portuguese/files/2015/09/exausto.mp3″]

Exame (exam)

[audio:https://blogs.transparent.com/portuguese/files/2015/09/exame.mp3″]

Exemplo (example)

[audio:https://blogs.transparent.com/portuguese/files/2015/09/exemplo.mp3″]

Exótico (exoctic)

[audio:https://blogs.transparent.com/portuguese/files/2015/09/exótico.mp3″]

Exato (exact)

[audio:https://blogs.transparent.com/portuguese/files/2015/09/exato.mp3″]

 

  1. Last but not least, sometimes the X will sound the same as in English.

Táxi (taxi)

[audio:https://blogs.transparent.com/portuguese/files/2015/09/taxi.mp3″]

Oxigênio (oxygen)

[audio:https://blogs.transparent.com/portuguese/files/2015/09/oxigenio.mp3″]

Fixo (fix)

[audio:https://blogs.transparent.com/portuguese/files/2015/09/fixo.mp3″]

Fax (fax)

[audio:https://blogs.transparent.com/portuguese/files/2015/09/fax.mp3″]

Tóxico (toxic)

[audio:https://blogs.transparent.com/portuguese/files/2015/09/toxico.mp3″]

Complexo (complex)

[audio:https://blogs.transparent.com/portuguese/files/2015/09/complexo.mp3″]

 

 

  • The sound CH is an easy one in comparison since it only has one way of pronouncing it. It will always sound as a SH does in English, the same as the first X sound mentioned above does.

Cheio (full)

[audio:https://blogs.transparent.com/portuguese/files/2015/09/cheio.mp3″]

China (China)

[audio:https://blogs.transparent.com/portuguese/files/2015/09/china.mp3″]

Chinelo (flip-flops)

[audio:https://blogs.transparent.com/portuguese/files/2015/09/chinelo.mp3″]

Chorar (to cry)

[audio:https://blogs.transparent.com/portuguese/files/2015/09/chorar.mp3″]

Chá (tea)

[audio:https://blogs.transparent.com/portuguese/files/2015/09/cha.mp3″]

Achar (to find)

[audio:https://blogs.transparent.com/portuguese/files/2015/09/achar.mp3″]

Salsicha (sausage)

[audio:https://blogs.transparent.com/portuguese/files/2015/09/salsicha.mp3″]

 

  • Some words in Português will sound the same (or almost the same), but have different spellings and have different meanings. For example:

Cheque (check) and Xeque (check in chess)

[audio:https://blogs.transparent.com/portuguese/files/2015/09/cheque.mp3″]

Exemplo:

Eu usei um cheque para pagar pelas roupas. (I used a check to pay for the clothes)

[audio:https://blogs.transparent.com/portuguese/files/2015/09/cheque2d.mp3″]

Geraldo é bom no xadrez, ele me deu um xeque na terceira jogada. (Geraldo is good in chess, he gave me a check on the third round).

[audio:https://blogs.transparent.com/portuguese/files/2015/09/xeque2.mp3″]

 

 

Tacha (tack) and taxa (tax)

[audio:https://blogs.transparent.com/portuguese/files/2015/09/taxa.mp3″]

Exemplo:

Eu preciso de uma tacha para pregar o aviso no quadro de avisos. (I need a tack to put the warning on the notice board).

[audio:https://blogs.transparent.com/portuguese/files/2015/09/tacha2.mp3″]

O governo disse que vai diminuir as taxas para compra de carros. (The government said they will lower the taxes for buying cars).

[audio:https://blogs.transparent.com/portuguese/files/2015/09/taxa2.mp3″]

 

 

Rocha (rock) and

[audio:https://blogs.transparent.com/portuguese/files/2015/09/rocha.mp3″]

Roxa (purple)

[audio:https://blogs.transparent.com/portuguese/files/2015/09/roxa.mp3″]

Exemplo:

A matéria preferida de Marina é Geografia, ela gosta de estudar rochas. (Marina’s favourite subject is Geography, she likes studying the rocks).

[audio:https://blogs.transparent.com/portuguese/files/2015/09/rochas2.mp3″]

Acho que vou comprar aquela blusa roxa. (I think I’m going to buy that purple shirt).

[audio:https://blogs.transparent.com/portuguese/files/2015/09/roxa2.mp3″]

 

Now that you know all the sounds for X and CH we will be checking out some other letters next week. See you then!

Até semana que vem!

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Comments:

  1. jon Keller:

    Great post. These have always been confusing to me