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Here are a few tips and key words to know if you are looking for a flat in Germany!
Some apartments do not come with kitchen appliances
This is pretty normal in Germany. Your apartment will either not have kitchen appliances in it (stove, sink, fridge…), or if it does you have to buy it off the person who lived there before you. The advantage here is that you can build your kitchen the way you want it. The disadvantage is of course that when you move in, you won’t be able to cook straight away!
If you say der erste Stock (the first floor) in Germany it doesn’t mean the ground floor
In Germany if you live on the ground floor you call it das Erdgeschoss. This means der erste Stock (the first floor) is technically the second floor for Americans! Take a look below:
das Erdgeschoss (the ground floor) the first floor
der erste Stock (the first floor) the second floor
der zweite Stock (the second floor) the third floor
der dritte Stock (the third floor) the fourth floor
Die Warmmiete und Kaltmiete
The rent is separated into categories:
Die Kaltmiete (literally translating to “the cold rent”) is the rent which doesn’t include heating, electricity or hot water.
Die Warmmiete (literally translating to “the warm rent”) is the rent that includes die Nebenkosten (the additional costs). This always includes die Betriebskosten (utility bills). A few examples of what this would cover is the rubbish/garbage collection, a cleaner who cleans the stairwell (if there is one) and depending if you have a boiler or not, the water supply. In some places the electricity, hot water and heating are included in the utility bills, if not you pay them separately every month.
die Kaltmiete + die Nebenkosten = die Warmmiete
To end with here are a few key words that will help you when you’re searching!
die Miete the rent
die Warmmiete the warm rent
die Kaltmiete the cold rent
der Makler the Estate Agent
die Provision the commission
Provisionsfrei commission free (you save a lot of money if you get a flat that’s Provisionsfrei)
die Kaution the deposit
die Wohnung the Apartment
der Balkon the balcony
drei Zimmer Wohnung three room apartment
die Wohngemeinschaft the shared flat (usually shortened to die WG)
der Keller the basement/cellar
der Mietvertrag the rental contract
Bis zum nächsten Mal,