Latin Language Blog

Nouns & Adjectives Posted by on Jul 30, 2018 in Latin Language

Salvete Omnes!

This month’s blog will be talking about 1st/2nd declension adjectives and 2nd declension neuter nouns. The answer’s to last month’s homework are at the bottom of the page. The purpose of reviewing these forms is to prepare us for next month’s in-depth passage translation from “Ille Hobbitus.”

2nd Declension Neuter Noun like somni-um, i (2n) meaning dream

Case (singular) Abbreviation Case (Plural) English Translation
Nominative (nom.) somnium Nominative (nom. somnia
Accusative (acc.) somnium Accusative (acc.) somnia
Genitive (gen.) somni(i)  Genitive (gen.) somniorum
Dative (dat.) somnio Dative (dat.) somniis
Ablative (abl.) somnio Ablative (abl.) somniis

You will notice that in some respects the neuter noun looks similar to a 2nd declension masculine noun.

1st/2nd Declension Adjectives using mult- us, a, um  meaning “much or many”

Please note that the adjective will match the case and gender of the noun (i.e. feminine, masculine, or neuter). For review, the definition of an adjective is a “word or phrase naming an attribute, added to or grammatically related to a noun to modify or describe it.” Examples of this would be “the big cat” or “the red desk.” Big and Red are describing words going back to a noun (Cat and Desk). 

Case (singular) Masculine Feminine Neuter
Nominative (nom.) multus multa multum
Accusative (acc.) multum multam multum
Genitive (gen.) multi multae multi
Dative (dat.) multo multae multo
Ablative (abl.) multo multa multo
Case (plural) Masculine Feminine Neuter
Nominative (nom.) multi  multae multa
Accusative (acc.) multos multas multa
Genitive (gen.) multorum multarum multorum
Dative (dat.) multis multis multis
Ablative (abl.) multis multis multis

Please be sure to review the three previous blogs from additional information if you do not recall certain noun forms. Next week, we will be tackling a more difficult text.

Homework Answers from last month:

  1. in aedibus senex nunc habitat. = The old man lives in the houses.
  2. seruam clam amat senex. = The old man secretly loves the female slave.
  3. igitur senem deus non curat. = Therefore, the god does not care for the old man.
  4. quare in aedis non intras, senex? = Why do you not enter into the houses/temples. 
  5. unguentum senex tandem possidet.  = For a while (at length), the old man possesses an ointment.
  6. thesaurum senis fur uidet. = The thief sees the old man’s treasure.


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About the Author: Brittany Britanniae

Hello There! Please feel free to ask me anything about Latin Grammar, Syntax, or the Ancient World.