Frozen “Let it go” in Latin

Posted on 27. Aug, 2014 by in Latin Language

One of the most popular songs of 2014 and winner of an Academy Award: “Let it Go” from the Disney film Frozen.  While Latin is a “dead language” (please see my humorous post on this subject: here), it continues to thrive and flourish through its reuse in popular culture. Here is a trailer of the feature film: Frozen.

YouTube Preview Image

 

I am an avid fan of the following Youtube users who have taken the time to put “Let it Go” in Latin.  As you will notice that most of the translations are already provided for you in Latin and English. However, you will also notice that all the translation have different words, word choices, and word orders.

Some choices have been made to honor the English more so than the Latin. One video for example has a literal title “id agat” or “Let it go,” another is “libera” which is the Jussive of libero meaning “let it go,” and the last one is libero which means “I break free.” So, all of these videos are quite different and I hope you enjoy them!

YouTube Preview Image

 

YouTube Preview Image

 

YouTube Preview Image

 

It is important to remember when studying Latin that the same translation  may be done in many different ways with various vocabulary words. So when you are doing your own translations or trying to have a phase translated, please don’t be concerned that yours may be a bit different or uses different words- this is the great advantage to Latin. There are so many styles!

 

 

Augustus’ 2,000th Death Anniversary

Posted on 19. Aug, 2014 by in Roman culture

Salvete Omnes!

Do you know what today is? I’ll give you a hint: the world has been planning and excited for today! It has been 2,000 years in the making. This date marks the 2,000th anniversary of Augustus Caesar’s death.

The statue known as the Augustus of Prima Porta, 1st century. Courtesy of WikiCommons & Soerfm.

The statue known as the Augustus of Prima Porta, 1st century. Courtesy of WikiCommons & Soerfm.

If you are not familiar with Augustus or Octavian Caesar, please refer to one of our past and information posts: here. However, this article is somewhat dated (2009) and I will be writing a new one soon. So fret not.

On this day, it should be known and celebrated that several archaeological sites have been brought to the attentions of the public. The demand for restoration, visiting, and access is a matter that now plagues the news and media beyond academics and journalists. Hopefully the world may see more sites restored and open for learning and inspiring.  The following place, the House of Augustus, is one of the areas that will hold special hours and be on display:

Fresco paintings inside the House of Augustus, his residence during his reign as emperor. Courtesy of WikiCommons & Cassius Ahenobarbus.

Fresco paintings inside the House of Augustus, his residence during his reign as emperor. Courtesy of WikiCommons & Cassius Ahenobarbus.

The Ara Pacis (Altar of Peace) will be open as well for extended hours and was aptly prepared for the ominous day. Namely the Ara Pacis will have a laser light projection upon it to show the original (or similar to the original) color palette. If you seek more knowledge of this famous artifact, you may also read on the Ara Pacis: here.

Ara Pacis Augustae, the "Altar of Augustan Peace", as reassembled.Courtesy of WikiCommons & Manfred Heyde

Ara Pacis Augustae, the “Altar of Augustan Peace”, as reassembled.Courtesy of WikiCommons & Manfred Heyde. For a colorful image; check it out here.

One of the most highly debated structure is the actual Mausoleum of Augustus, which according to The Telegraph:

“Officials have said the city of Rome did seek a sponsor to help restore Augustus’ mausoleum in time for the 2014 celebrations, but found no takers. With just two million of a required four million euros available, work will now be finished in 2016. (Kington)”

However unfortunate the finances may be, it is simply a marvel that such monuments still exist!

The Mausoleum of Augustus. Courtesy of WikiCommon &Soerfm.

The Mausoleum of Augustus. Courtesy of WikiCommon &Soerfm.

I find it marvelous the probably hundred if not thousands of events that will be taking place today in honor of this first emperor of Rome. A list of some of the more popular events including museum tours, educational talks, festivals, etc. are reported on this site by country: here. Also, here is an article of the events and places that Rome has to offer.

On a more personal note, I went to the Getty Villa Museum this last weekend (as I often go) I took a stroll around to see what I could find that was Augustan. Please browse my findings below:

Bust of Augustus Caesar 25-1BC in marble. Courtesy of the Getty Villa.

Bust of Augustus Caesar 25-1BC in marble. Courtesy of the Getty Villa.

 

Courtesy of the Getty Villa.

Courtesy of the Getty Villa.

 

Courtesy of the Getty Villa.

Courtesy of the Getty Villa.

 

Funeral Crown (perhaps Augustus wore something like this?) 50-25 BCE made from gold and glass. Courtesy of the Getty Villa.

Funeral Crown(perhaps Augustus wore something like this?) [50-25 BCE] made from gold and glass. Courtesy of the Getty Villa.

Well that is all I have on this news, but I am sure you will find much more information as the events of today unravel across the world! I hope that you take some time out of your busy day to indulge yourself in something Roman. From sitting and watching a Roman film or TV series to cooking a Roman meal (check out some ideas here) or maybe simply raising a toast to a man that changed the face of Western Civilization. Since it is from Augustus’ politics, beautification, laws, and standards that we have many of our current ideals, laws, and mores.

Valete Omnes!

The Oddest & Weirdest Pets of Ancient Rome

Posted on 07. Aug, 2014 by in Latin Language, Roman culture

 

The bond between humans and pets is an interesting and odd bond. The love and friendship that transgress species is an interesting relationship that deserves special attention. Most of us are familiar with the ever persisting sites that our friends show us the most unlikely of friends. These examples range from dogs and chimps, tigers and pigs, cats and birds, and so on. I am hopeful that this post will show that these odd and weird bond existed even in Ancient Rome between man and beast.  The order is from the least odd to the most bizarre (in my opinion).

 

Courtesy of WikiCommons, Boing-Boing, and Steve Garvie.

Courtesy of WikiCommons, Boing-Boing, and Steve Garvie.

Historical Person: Julius Caesar

Pet: Giraffe

Name: He didn’t even bother…. ( I assume)

Love: 3 out of 10 hearts.

Why: In 48 BC, Julius Caesar embarked on a campaign where he eventually started his affair with Queen Cleopatra. Before leaving her, he decided to bring back a sundry of exotic beasts including lions, panthers and green monkeys. The most strange one was long-necked creature known as a giraffe. The Romans saw it as half camel and half panther (due to its spots). Perhaps he brought the beast back to remind him of Cleopatra or perhaps he simply liked it.

Habits: The historian Pliny thought the giraffe was a “wild sheep.” Whatever the case, Caesar soon grew bored with his “pet.” He fed the giraffe to the lions in a Coliseum in front of a baying Roman public; his gesture (offering up his pet as a prize) may have been a sign of his wealth and magnanimity. This is somewhat sad though.

Sources: Pliny, Strabo

 

YouTube Preview Image

Historical Person: Caligula

Pet: Horse

Name: Incitatus

Love: 6 out of 10 hearts

Why:  There is much speculation amongst historians as to why Calgula prized his pet horse so much. While it should be stated that his horse was a race horse- perhaps its victory and magnificence were contributors to Caligula’s fondness for it. Or perhaps, he liked the horse for its ability to ridicule and embarrassed his subjects. I am afraid we will never know for sure.

Habits:  Incitatus had a stable of marble, an ivory manger, purple blankets, and a collar of precious stones. Dio Cassius has indicated that the horse had its own servants, and was fed food mixed with gold flake. How wasteful!  Suetonius also wrote that it was said that Caligula planned to make Incitatus a consul. Furthermore, the horse  “invite” dignitaries to dine with him in a house outfitted with servants there to entertain such events.

Sources: Suetonius, Cassius Dio

 

An array of creatures that may have been found in a "piscine." Sea creatures mosaic ( Attention to the Eel near the right bottom corner) from Pompeii; National Archaeological Museum of Naples, Italy. Courtesy of WikiCommons & Massimo Finizio.

An array of creatures that may have been found in a “piscine.” Sea creatures mosaic ( Attention to the Eel near the right bottom corner) from Pompeii; National Archaeological Museum of Naples, Italy. Courtesy of WikiCommons & Massimo Finizio.

Historical Person(s): Quintus Hortensius (Famous Orator), Antonia (Daughter of Marc Antony, Niece of Augustus and Mother of Emperor Claudius) , Crassus (either Marcus Licinius Crassus [defeated Spartacus] or Lucius Licinius Crassus [orator and censor in 92 BC].

Pet: Eels or  Murena

Names: Unrecorded

Love: 8 out of 10 hearts

Why: Probably initially raised for food (as was the case for Gaius Hirrius, the first person to have ponds solely for raising eels, supplied six thousand to Caesar for his triumphal banquets); their evolution to beloved pets must have been gradual and somewhat of an acquired taste.

Habits: The orator, Quintus Hortensius, is said to have wept when his favorite murena died. Another pet murena, kept there by Antonia, the niece of Augustus, was adorned with earrings, which prompted some to visit and see the oddity. Crassus, too, was said to have adorned a pet eel with earrings and small necklaces “just like some lovely maiden,” training it to respond to its name and swimming up to eat what was offered.

Sources: Aelian, Plutarch, Macrobius, Varro

 

Depiction of Virgil, 3rd century AD .Courtesy of WikiCommons, Giorces, Mattes.

Depiction of Virgil, 3rd century AD
.Courtesy of WikiCommons, Giorces, Mattes.

Historical Person: Virgil

Pet: House Fly

Name: I don’t believe it was named.

Love: 9 out of 10 Hearts (Virgil must have surely loved it!)

Why: In reality, Virgil didn’t keep a fly as a pet, but conveniently found one to be his pet. This is due to the fact that he discovered that the government was planning to confiscate the lands of the rich (i.e: his lands too!), and give them to war veterans, except for those lands that contained mausoleums. So Virgil the clever poet he was had an idea. Virgil held an incredibly lavish funeral (with mourners, an orchestra, invited celebrities and lots of poetry reading) organized for “pet.” Then, the poor insect’s body was buried in an expensive mausoleum. The whole thing costed Virgil about 800.000 sesterces ( approx. $1.6 million).

Habits: I assume if one had a pet fly- buzzing around your ears and eating garbage would be part of their habits. However, it would seem as if this doesn’t matter in the case of Virgil. Humorously it said that Virgil coined  the expression “time flies” (tempus fugit).

Sources: Suetonius

 

 

HONORABLE MENTION

Tigress. Courtesy of WikiCommons, Sumeet Moghe, Chiswick Chap.

Tigress. Courtesy of WikiCommons, Sumeet Moghe, Chiswick Chap.

Pet: Tigress

Name: Phoebe

Why:  It is said that Nero first saw her fighting  in a Colloseum, where he was impressed by her ruthlessness. For she was said to cause more havoc than three other tigers combined. Thus, Nero decided to spare her life and keep her as his personal companion. He named her Phoebe.

Habits: He had his servants build a golden cage for her in the palace grounds, but she wasn’t locked up all the time.  She was allowed to roman around and even  when the Emperor had guest at his table! Of course, anyone who annoyed or irritated Nero in any way would end up as Phoebe’s dessert. It is also said that she was trained by a famous animal trainer which allowed Nero to eat from her hand!

Sources: None that I could find; thus this is a honorable mention.

=